HTML5: WebGL & three.js
Dive In

WebGL

OpenGL

OpenGL

OpenGL

OpenGL

OpenGL ES

OpenGL ES 2.0

OpenGL ES 3.0

WebGL 2.0

Point

Line

Primitives

Primitives

Primitives

Mesh

WebGL Example
From learning webgl
WebGL Example
var gl; function initGL(canvas) { try { gl = canvas.getContext("experimental-webgl"); gl.viewportWidth = canvas.width; gl.viewportHeight = canvas.height; } catch (e) { } if (!gl) { alert("Could not initialise WebGL, sorry :-("); } }
WebGL Example
function getShader(gl, id) { var shaderScript = document.getElementById(id); var shader; if (shaderScript.type == "x-shader/x-fragment") { shader = gl.createShader(gl.FRAGMENT_SHADER); } else if (shaderScript.type == "x-shader/x-vertex") { shader = gl.createShader(gl.VERTEX_SHADER); } else { return null; } gl.shaderSource(shader, str); gl.compileShader(shader); return shader; }
WebGL Example
function initShaders() { var fragmentShader = getShader(gl, "shader-fs"); var vertexShader = getShader(gl, "shader-vs"); shaderProgram = gl.createProgram(); gl.attachShader(shaderProgram, vertexShader); gl.attachShader(shaderProgram, fragmentShader); gl.linkProgram(shaderProgram); if (!gl.getProgramParameter(shaderProgram, gl.LINK_STATUS)) { alert("Could not initialise shaders"); } gl.useProgram(shaderProgram); shaderProgram.vertexPositionAttribute = gl.getAttribLocation(shaderProgram, "aVertexPosition"); gl.enableVertexAttribArray(shaderProgram.vertexPositionAttribute); shaderProgram.pMatrixUniform = gl.getUniformLocation(shaderProgram, "uPMatrix"); shaderProgram.mvMatrixUniform = gl.getUniformLocation(shaderProgram, "uMVMatrix"); }
WebGL Example
<script id="shader-vs" type="x-shader/x-vertex"> attribute vec3 aVertexPosition; uniform mat4 uMVMatrix; uniform mat4 uPMatrix; void main(void) { gl_Position = uPMatrix * uMVMatrix * vec4(aVertexPosition, 1.0); } </script>
WebGL Example
<script id="shader-fs" type="x-shader/x-fragment"> precision mediump float; void main(void) { gl_FragColor = vec4(1.0, 1.0, 1.0, 1.0); } </script>
WebGL Example
function setMatrixUniforms() { gl.uniformMatrix4fv(shaderProgram.pMatrixUniform, false, pMatrix); gl.uniformMatrix4fv(shaderProgram.mvMatrixUniform, false, mvMatrix); }
WebGL Example
function initBuffers() { triangleVertexPositionBuffer = gl.createBuffer(); gl.bindBuffer(gl.ARRAY_BUFFER, triangleVertexPositionBuffer); var vertices = [ 0.0, 1.0, 0.0, -1.0, -1.0, 0.0, 1.0, -1.0, 0.0 ]; gl.bufferData(gl.ARRAY_BUFFER, new Float32Array(vertices), gl.STATIC_DRAW); triangleVertexPositionBuffer.itemSize = 3; triangleVertexPositionBuffer.numItems = 3; squareVertexPositionBuffer = gl.createBuffer(); gl.bindBuffer(gl.ARRAY_BUFFER, squareVertexPositionBuffer); vertices = [ 1.0, 1.0, 0.0, -1.0, 1.0, 0.0, 1.0, -1.0, 0.0, -1.0, -1.0, 0.0 ]; gl.bufferData(gl.ARRAY_BUFFER, new Float32Array(vertices), gl.STATIC_DRAW); squareVertexPositionBuffer.itemSize = 3; squareVertexPositionBuffer.numItems = 4; }
WebGL Example
function drawScene() { gl.viewport(0, 0, gl.viewportWidth, gl.viewportHeight); gl.clear(gl.COLOR_BUFFER_BIT | gl.DEPTH_BUFFER_BIT); mat4.perspective(45, gl.viewportWidth / gl.viewportHeight, 0.1, 100.0, pMatrix); mat4.identity(mvMatrix); mat4.translate(mvMatrix, [-1.5, 0.0, -7.0]); gl.bindBuffer(gl.ARRAY_BUFFER, triangleVertexPositionBuffer); gl.vertexAttribPointer(shaderProgram.vertexPositionAttribute, triangleVertexPositionBuffer.itemSize, gl.FLOAT, false, 0, 0); setMatrixUniforms(); gl.drawArrays(gl.TRIANGLES, 0, triangleVertexPositionBuffer.numItems); mat4.translate(mvMatrix, [3.0, 0.0, 0.0]); gl.bindBuffer(gl.ARRAY_BUFFER, squareVertexPositionBuffer); gl.vertexAttribPointer(shaderProgram.vertexPositionAttribute, squareVertexPositionBuffer.itemSize, gl.FLOAT, false, 0, 0); setMatrixUniforms(); gl.drawArrays(gl.TRIANGLE_STRIP, 0, squareVertexPositionBuffer.numItems); }
WebGL Example
function webGLStart() { var canvas = document.getElementById("lesson01-canvas"); initGL(canvas); initShaders(); initBuffers(); gl.clearColor(0.0, 0.0, 0.0, 1.0); gl.enable(gl.DEPTH_TEST); drawScene(); }
WebGL Demo (learning webgl)
Lot of
Boilerplate
needed
Enter 3D-Frameworks
Enter three.js

three.js high level concepts

three.js high level concepts:
Mesh

three.js high level concepts:
Mesh
Geometry

three.js high level concepts:
Mesh
Material

three.js high level concepts:
Mesh
Code

var scene = new THREE.Scene(); var geometry = new THREE.SphereGeometry(50, 16, 16); var material = new THREE.MeshLambertMaterial({color: 0xCC0000}); var sphere = new THREE.Mesh(geometry, material); scene.add(sphere); // add the sphere to the scene
three.js high level concepts:
Mesh
Demo
three.js high level concepts:
Camera
three.js high level concepts:
Camera
perspective = new THREE.PerspectiveCamera( 50, 0.5 * SCREEN_WIDTH / SCREEN_HEIGHT, 1, 10000 ); ortho = new THREE.OrthographicCamera( 0.5 * SCREEN_WIDTH / - 2, 0.5 * SCREEN_WIDTH / 2, SCREEN_HEIGHT / 2, SCREEN_HEIGHT / - 2, 150, 1000 ); scene.add(perspective); scene.add(ortho);
three.js high level concepts:
Camera
three.js high level concepts:
Lights
three.js high level concepts:
Lights
light1 = new THREE.PointLight( 0xff0040, 2, 50 ); light1.add( new THREE.Mesh( sphere, new THREE.MeshBasicMaterial( { color: 0xff0040 } ) ) ); scene.add( light1 );
... & much more
That's All Folks!
presentation mo@morsi.org